Last updated on

* {
   -moz-box-sizing:    border-box;   /* Firefox 1, probably can drop this */
   -webkit-box-sizing: border-box;   /* Safari 3-4, also probably droppable */
    box-sizing:        border-box;   /* Everything else */

The box-sizing property in CSS controls how the “box model” is handled in regards to page layout. For instance, if you set an element to width: 100px; padding: 20px; border: 5px solid black; the resulting box is 150px wide. That is because the default box-sizing model is content-box, which behaves that way. Through the box-sizing property we can change that to padding-box (in which case the box would be 110px wide with 20px of padding on the inside), or border-box (in which case the box would be 100px wide with 10px of border and 20px of padding on the inside).

See this example comparing default content-box to border-box:


This is particularly useful on things like <textarea> which you need to explicitly set to 100% width if you want it to fill a parent container, but is also likely you want padding on. Without box-sizing, you would an elaborate faking strategy involving extra wrapper elements.

This also makes fluid/float/grid layouts a lot easier where you want to use percentages for the grids but with fixed pixel padding.

Browser Support

Chrome Safari Firefox Opera IE Android iOS
any 3+ 1+ 7+ 8+ ? any